Ebook The Indonesian National Program For Community Empowerment PNPM rural - Anggun Trisnanto Hari Susilo

Ebook Title             : The Indonesian National Program For Community Empowerment PNPM rural

Ebook Thickness  : 31 Pages

Ebook Language   : English

In the mid 1990s, the World Bank under president Wolfensohn changed its strategy on development. This was a response both to numerous criticisms as well as to failures of the previous strategy that only emphasized economics. This new strategy-labeled the Post-Washington Consensus (PWC), by Stiglitz and others, contains a broader approach to development and incorporates more dimensions than economic. Good governance, decentralization, bureaucratic reform and participation are the key words within the PWC. Many authors have argued that these key elements are part of a broader neoliberal agenda promoted by the Bank to achieve market efficiency.

As a strategic client, Indonesia has been supported by the World Bank in its fight against poverty. Massive amounts of aid were given to Indonesia when the country was recovering from the Asian financial crisis in the late 1990s. Since 1997 onwards, Indonesia has been enjoying financial and technical support under the flagship project PNPM (Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat/ National Program for Community Empowerment). This program emphasizes a bottom-up approach based on community development and participation. The World Bank claims that this initiative would enable Indonesia to reduce poverty.

The implementation of the PNPM has been put into question. Besides its failure to reduce the nation’s poverty level, the project has generated a negative impact on local society. Indonesia’s decentralization policies which have been implemented since 2001, have further enhanced the possibility that the PNPM gets hijacked by local forces and that endemic corruption, elite captures, crony capitalism and horizontal conflicts are exacerbated rather than reduced.

This research project aims to investigate the impacts of PNPM on socio-political relationships at the level of the villages where PNPM has been implemented. Using a qualitative approach, this study will critically analyze how socio-political relations among villagers have changed. By doing this, it aims to generate new insights about social transformation in Indonesia and its relation to programs implemented by external actors.

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